The End of Oil
What would a world without oil look like? While posing what seems to be a preposterous question it is one that we all may have to deal with in our lifetime. First let us look at what is easily available facts concerning oil production, consumption and reserves.
It is estimated that the world currently has somewhat over one trillion barrel of reserves. Of that some two thirds of it lies in the Mid-East with just 5 countries; Saudi Arabia, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Iran. While the roughly one trillion reserves estimate comes from industry sources compiled by the World Oil and Gas Journal others have put the world estimate lower at around 750 billion barrels. Further it is estimated that there might be another 500 billion barrels of conventional reserves still to be discovered but again it is largely in the Mid-East or in Central Asia.
There are also numerous sources of unconventional reserves that will only become economical as oil prices rise. Some such as the Western Canada oil sands are already in production but many others are in environmentally sensitive areas such as deep in the ocean and the Artic. As well there is potential for more in areas of heavy oil fields in Venezuela and oil shale sources in the US, Brazil, Zaire, India and some others. All told it is estimated that there might be 3 trillion of reserves from unconventional sources but environmental sensitivity and cost could lower that substantially if it is ever available.
Current world production and consumption are generally in balance at around 75 million barrels per day. Of this the USA is the world's biggest consumer using some 20 million barrels per day or 26% of the world's total. Total annual consumption is therefore around 27.7 billion barrels. Current daily consumption slightly exceeds production with the shortfall being made up with inventories. At the current rate of consumption and using the conventional estimate of reserves of one trillion barrels, the world's oil would be consumed in a mere 36 years. And this is without taking into consideration any increased demand particularly from Asia primarily China and India.
We might add that there is a similar situation with natural gas. Natural gas accounts for roughly 25% of world energy supplies. To complete the contribution of various energy sources, Oil supplies 37%, coal 26%, nuclear 6%, and hydroelectric 6%. As we can note alternative energy's contribution is negligible. But natural gas reserves are more plentiful and studies have shown that they would last more than 60 years at current rates of consumption. The Mid-East has roughly 36% of the world's reserves while Europe and Asia combined have another 39%. Unlike oil, gas can not be shipped safely making its availability much beyond the local region difficult.
North America, who is the world's largest consumer of energy, has less than 5% of both the world's natural gas reserves and oil reserves. The US alone consumes over 25% of the world's oil and total energy consumption is comparable with only about 5% of the world's population. Continued demand in other parts of the world again particularly in Asia (China) assures that world energy demands will continue to rise. Natural gas demand is projected alone to rise 50% over the next twenty years. But with new discoveries and improved technology used to find natural gas it is expected that reserves will keep pace.
Not so with oil. Oil remains not only important it is essential that a stable and ongoing low cost source is available to the western economies or they will go into permanent economic decline. Unless alternative energy sources become bigger to replace oil in particular for automobiles a collision of unparalleled proportions appears to be in the works. For the cynics, it is no wonder there is such an interest in controlling the volatile Mid-East where upwards of 65% of the world's oil reserves lie with the potential for even more. It does raise the potential for a century of wars for control of oil and other commodities. All wars, after all, are ultimately economic.
Without energy conservation programs, higher prices and a stronger move to alternative energy sources a collision course is guaranteed. And higher prices are guaranteed although in the short term oil and gas prices can fluctuate depending upon inventories and production increases. Impacts could be seen certainly by the end of this decade if not sooner.
The recent softness in oil prices and as well in natural gas prices we believe is a buying opportunity. Investors should be patient, though, as the current correction in oil and gas prices may have a little more time to run. But as we move into the winter season prices tend to rise. If we couple this with any potential for instability in the Mid-East, the world's most volatile region, then it could put considerable upward pressure on prices this winter. Investors should ensure that they have some exposure to the oil and gas sector either directly through oil and gas stocks or the service companies or through the oil and gas income trusts.
Our man in the Calgary oil patch, Crude Ken, returned from his globetrotting long enough to leave us some of his favourite picks. His list is provided below. Percentage gains are from our last oil & gas report on March 31, 2003.
|Petro Canada||PCA-TSX||403-296-8575, www.petro-canada.ca||Up 8%. Petro Canada keeps finding support at or near its 200 day MA. Buy using $52 as a stop.|
|Shell Canada Ltd.||SHC-TSX||403-691-3456, www.shell.ca||Up 10%. Appears to be forming an ascending triangle. Breakdown is at $52, breakout above $55.|
|Producers Sr. and Int.|
|Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.||CNQ-TSX||403-517-7345, www.cnrl.com||Up 12%. CNQ broke out above a long symmetrical triangle and since has been continually testing the breakout. Buy using $52 as a stop.|
|EnCana Corporation||ECA-TSX||403-645-2000, www.encana.com||Up 3%. Similar to CNQ breaking out above a long symmetrical triangle and now has been continually testing the breakout. Buy above $50 only.|
|NuVista Energy Ltd.||NVA-TSX||403-213-4300, www.nuvistaenergy.com||New pick. Recent listing in July 2003. Breakout above $8. Could breakdown under $6.|
|Find Energy||FE-TSX||403-232-4809, www.lexxor.com||New pick. Currently finding support at its 100 day MA. Appears to have good support down to $2.20. Could be forming a cup and handle formation. Breakout above $3.20.|
|Ketch Resources Ltd.||KER-TSX||403-213-3111, www.ketchresources.com||Up 41%. Will break out again above $7.50. Use buy stops at $6.|
|Pason Systems Inc.||PSI-TSX||403-301-3401, www.pason.com||We didn't cover service companies last time. Pason has been in a long steady up move. Recent sharp set back represents a buying opportunity. Buy using $16 as a stop.|
|Trican Well Service Ltd.||TCW-TSX||403-266-0202, www.trican.com||Another stock in a strong uptrend. Trading well up its rising 200 day MA. Buy using $19 as a stop.|
Former picks from our March 31, 2003 article were Progress Energy (PGX-TSX) up 22%, Cequel Energy (CQL-TSX) up 19%, Bow Valley Energy (BVX-TSX) down 57%, Peyto Exploration (PEY-TSX) up 69% but most of the gain was made after converting to an income trust, Suncor Energy (SU-TSX) down 2%.
We would also like to leave you with one chart. Our daily chart below is of the Oil Service Holders Trust that issues depository receipts called Oil Service HOLDRs (OIH-NYSE). The trust holds shares of common stocks issued by companies that provide products, management and services for the oil service industry. They are amongst the 20 largest and most liquid traded securities in the oil services industry.
Amongst the larger weightings are Baker Hughes Inc. (BHI-NYSE), Halliburton Co. (HAL-NYSE), and Schlumberger Ltd. (SLB-NYSE). The chart is forming a massive symmetrical triangle. This triangle is being at higher lows then the one seen in September 2001. The break out level is at $65 with targets up to $95. Current breakdown levels are near $56 but the pattern appears to be very bullish and put less probability in that happening.
The world is running out of an energy source that is essential to our economic well being. While the shortages will not materialize for several years investors should be aware of this so that they can plan and watch the markets accordingly.