Strategy and Outlook for a 'Prove it to Me' Market

By: Chris Ciovacco | Wed, Mar 16, 2011
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S&P 500 Support Study & Asset Class Analysis

Despite the impressive rally off the S&P 500's lows on Tuesday, the bears and fear still control the markets from a short-term perspective. Considering market participants were already concerned about the winding down of QE2 before the events in Japan, it is prudent from a planning and risk-management perspective to gain a better understanding of:

  1. How long should we remain defensive?
  2. Where should we redeploy our cash?
  3. How far could stocks fall?
  4. Where does support exist?
  5. How strong is that support?

From a fundamental perspective, the news from Japan and ongoing reaction to the Fed will most likely carry over into Wednesday's trading session. The Fed's statement neither hinted at QE3, nor did they close the door relative to expanding QE2. The text related to their current bond purchase program:

To promote a stronger pace of economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, over time, is at levels consistent with its mandate, the Committee decided today to continue expanding its holdings of securities as announced in November. In particular, the Committee is maintaining its existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from its securities holdings and intends to purchase $600 billion of longer-term Treasury securities by the end of the second quarter of 2011. The Committee will regularly review the pace of its securities purchases and the overall size of the asset-purchase program in light of incoming information and will adjust the program as needed to best foster maximum employment and price stability.

The part that reads "...and will adjust the program as needed..." could be interpreted as either a contraction or expansion of the current $600 billion target. The S&P 500 was trading at 1,277 when the Fed's statement was released. Given the close of 1,282, it is difficult to interpret the market's short-term reaction as bullish; neutral would probably be a better short-term classification. In terms of our approach to the markets, we need to get a better read on the reaction to the Fed's statement, which should come by mid-day on Wednesday.

According to reports a new fire has been reported in the No. 4 reactor in the damaged nuclear complex in Japan. In the last 24 hours, aftershocks of 5.7 and 6.1 magnitudes have kept citizens and officials on edge. Add in people without homes, homes without power, and freezing temperatures and you have conditions in Japan that may continue to negatively impact asset prices. However, the Asian markets were able to post gains in mid-morning trading on Wednesday. Obviously, changes for the better or additional negative developments in Japan need to be monitored since they will impact the short-to-intermediate-term tone of the markets. As long as nuclear uncertainty exists in its present form, we will err on the side of holding cash and buying in limited quantities should the market show some improvement.

To help us monitor the market's take on the Fed and Japan, while addressing the question of how long should we stay defensive, we will use the technical checklist below as a forced disciplined tool. We first presented the table below using data from March 7, 2011, which helped us remain patient with our cash over the last ten days.

How Far Could Stocks Fall?

The basic concepts in the table above can be summed up as follows:

In the short-run, until the market can prove otherwise, we will continue to give the bears the benefit of the doubt since they have control of the very short-term trends. Big-picture-wise and longer-term, we will give the bulls and the bull market the benefit of the doubt, until proven otherwise, since they control the long-and-intermediate-term trends. We refer to the current market as a "prove it to me" market.

Assuming the conditions above are met and we are more comfortable with Japan and the reaction to the Fed, the next question on the docket is where to redeploy our cash. As we mentioned yesterday, we still believe the market's perception of where the Fed is headed with quantitative easing is important relative to what to buy. When the majority or all of the conditions in the technical table above are satisfied, we will consider the inflation-friendly assets on the right side of the table below and on the right side of yesterday's table. Should the current correction morph into something looking more like a topping process, we will consider the defensive assets on the left side of the table below and on the left side of yesterday's table.

Yesterday, we showed the top 18 performers. The table below shows those ranked 19 through 28 since we may want to look a little deeper into a browsing list of possible buy candidates.

How Far Could Stocks Fall?

Fundamentally, the results in the table above make intuitive sense with more conservative and stable earners, such as telecom (IYZ) and consumer staples (XLP), appearing on the left and more cyclical earners, such as retail (XRT), technology (FDN), mid-caps (MDY), and materials (IYM, XLB), appearing on the right. Since the S&P 500 has corrected over 6% from the recent highs to the recent lows, we are more open to redeploying some cash if we get some evidence of a possible turn in stocks.

We need more information from Japan and the markets before we can choose to focus on defensive or inflationary assets. For now we will hold our longs and a relatively large cash position that we have accumulated over the last few weeks. Based on the incremental approach, we did some limited selling yesterday, cutting back on gold stocks (GDX), Australia (EWA), Germany (EWG), and inverse Treasury bonds (TBT).

Numerous economic reports, which may impact our thinking, are due to be released this week, including inflation (CPI), weekly jobless claims, industrial production, leading indicators, the Philly Fed survey, and an update on the Fed's balance sheet.

We have addressed the first two questions posed at the top of the article. We will now turn our attention to trying to better understand:

Before we move to the table below, it may be helpful from a confidence and usefulness perspective to check back on a recent support and resistance study. On January 7, 2011, we presented a summary table that highlighted 1,316 and 1,326 as probable areas where stocks could run into some trouble. We also listed 1,292 and 1,298 as possible areas where sellers may become more active. The market was only able to stay above 1,326 for four trading days before sellers took over. The term 'probable' is used above as a way to acknowledge in advance that both support and resistance can be broken and/or we could be wrong about certain levels remaining important in future sessions.

How Far Could Stocks Fall?

The table below summarizes our findings after examining different timeframes and using different methods to identify potentially important levels for the S&P 500 Index. Some of charts and data are as of Monday's close or before Tuesday's intraday move to 1,261 (charts are dated). Levels with the greatest probability of relevance are highlighted in green with white numerals. We believe the strongest potential support exists near 1,256. Other key levels include 1,270, 1,225, and 1,190.

How Far Could Stocks Fall?

For those not familiar with technical analysis, there is no need to review the charts below; they are presented for readers who want more confidence in the levels shown in the summary table above. The concepts in the charts below are summarized in the table above.

Unlike the other charts shown, the one below does include Tuesday's session.

Market Holds Near 1256

The charts below are taken from a recent study we conducted focusing on short, intermediate, and long-term support for stocks. The concept of support and resistance speaks to the memory of market participants, and maybe more importantly the computer-driven trading algorithms used by numerous hedge funds, pensions, and mutual funds. Market levels that have been important in the past tend to be important again when revisited in subsequent trading sessions.

Short-Term Support and Resistance For Stocks

$SPX 1291

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

2010 $SPX Resistance

Intermediate-Term Support and Resistance For Stocks

$SPX Index

Fibonacci Retracements

$SPX - buyers interested near 1294 and 1256

$SPX Index

Long-Term Support and Resistance For Stocks

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index

$SPX Index


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Chris Ciovacco

Author: Chris Ciovacco

Chris Ciovacco
Ciovacco Capital Management

Chris Ciovacco

Chris Ciovacco is the Chief Investment Officer for Ciovacco Capital Management, LLC. More on the web at

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Ciovacco Capital Management, LLC is an independent money management firm based in Atlanta, Georgia. CCM helps individual investors and businesses, large & small; achieve improved investment results via research and globally diversified investment portfolios. Since we are a fee-based firm, our only objective is to help you protect and grow your assets. Our long-term, theme-oriented, buy-and-hold approach allows for portfolio rebalancing from time to time to adjust to new opportunities or changing market conditions.

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Source: The Contrarian Take