Another Reason to Love the Juniors
Yes, gold got whacked last week. But that was nothing compared to what happened to the emerging gold miners. On the chart below, the green line is GLD, an ETF that tracks the gold price, and the blue line is GDXJ, an ETF that contains the shares of a representative basket of small, emerging gold miners.
Based on this divergence alone you'd be justified in either going long the juniors and short gold (on the assumption that no matter what happens the juniors should outperform gold to bring the relationship back into balance) or just buying a bunch of juniors in the expectation that gold will soar while the juniors soar even higher.
But there's another reason for loading up on juniors, courtesy of the Daily Reckoning. It seems that they have what the rest of the industry needs:
09/26/11 My friend Brent Cook is buying gold right now... But not for the reasons you'd expect.
Brent is no "doom and gloom" gold bug. He doesn't think the dollar is going to collapse any time soon.
Brent simply knows the world is running low on gold... which could drive the price of his favorite stocks much, much higher.
He has unique insight into the gold business. He's one of the best mining geologists in the world...and he spends an extraordinary amount of time visiting mines and analyzing mining data. He shares his thoughts in his Exploration Insights newsletter.
Last week, Brent told readers about the latest on a huge story happening in the gold business: Gold companies are spending enormous amounts of money to explore for gold...with little to show for it.
According to numbers from the world's largest gold miner, Barrick Gold, the entire industry is having more and more difficulty finding new gold deposits.
Here's how Brent summed up the situation...
"Current global mine production is in the order of 85 million ounces per annum, whereas...the last time the industry found that many ounces in a year was 1999.
This dearth of new discoveries is despite the significant increase in exploration spending since 2002. Particularly disconcerting (to the larger mining companies at least) is the decline in discoveries since 2006 notwithstanding exploration spending has more than doubled from $2.5 billion to over $5 billion."
The years from 1850 through 1900 were incredible for gold discovery. That's when prospectors found the giant goldfields in Australia, Canada, South Africa, Colorado, and California. However, the modern era of discovery didn't begin until the 1960s.
Geologist Forbes Wilson found the world's largest gold mine, Grasberg, in 1960 in Papua, Indonesia. Geologists John Livermore and Alan Coope discovered the largest gold producing region in the United States, Nevada's Carlin Trend, in 1965. Since then, we've scoured the planet for the "easy gold" — the stuff that sticks up out of the ground in relatively safe, functional countries.
But now, all of the "easy gold" has been found. (It's a lot like the situation in oil, which I've told you about here.) Mining and exploration companies are still finding some good deposits... They're just generally in inhospitable, remote, or downright scary places.
For example, one "top 10 in the world" deposit that I like, Seabridge Gold's KSM Deposit, is a monster gold deposit... The only problem is that it's in a far-off corner of British Columbia. To mine this deposit, the company needs to build a long tunnel...just to get the construction equipment in. I still like owning the stock. But it will take billions of dollars of capital investment to develop the deposit.
Another monster gold and copper deposit, Alaska's Pebble Deposit, is next to a pristine wildlife area. This creates just as large a hurdle as a lack of roads.
Plus... The costs of gold production (things like fuel, labor, and infrastructure) has more than doubled from 1997 to 2009. The price tag to build a new mine these days can run into billions of dollars. The mine must be able to repay that cost within a year or two and then produce a reasonable return on the investment. The huge upfront costs set the bar high in terms of the size and quality of deposits that big gold companies are willing to pursue.
This just means the highest-quality, large, undeveloped gold deposits in the world are getting increasingly valuable. As $1,500-plus gold sends a surge of profits into the coffers of big gold miners, you'll see fat premiums paid for great projects.
Mining giant Newmont paid a big premium in 2010, when it spent $2.3 billion to acquire junior explorer Fronteer Gold. One day, Fronteer was worth about $10 per share. The next day, it was worth $14. Investors doubled their money in a few weeks on that deal.
In sum...the world is running low on gold. The "easy gold" has already been found. That's why Brent is scouring the world looking for great gold projects...
Right now, he's a fan of investing in deposits in Mexico... Although you hear lots of negative "gang related" headlines from mainstream media sources, Mexico is actually a great jurisdiction for miners. And he's made good money by owning shares of Almaden Minerals, which is exploring a promising gold project called Ixtaca.
Potential deposits like that aren't easy to find... But they'll be worth hundreds of percent more in the coming years.
Gold doesn't have to soar for there to be a takeover orgy in this space. As long as the price stays high enough to make production profitable, the big miners have to get reserves from somewhere, and this is apparently the only game in town.
Juniors are always relatively cheap in terms of ounces in the ground because a lot can happen between discovery and consistent, low-cost production. But that's less of an issue during a buyout binge, since the acquiring companies will take responsibility for the transition.
The upshot is that juniors with proven, accessible deposits don't really have to do much from here on out. They can just hang around and wait for the offers to roll in. Before it's over, they'll be the dot-coms of this generation.