Sure, the Dollar Should Pull Back, but...

By: Chip Hanlon | Sat, May 28, 2005
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I was struck the other day when reading the words of Marc Faber in a Bloomberg article about the global economy, he called himself a "reluctant holder of dollars." Remember that phrase for a moment; I'll come back to it.

Look, just about anybody you'll talk to right now, whether bull or bear, will look at the Dollar and say that it's due for a pullback. Certainly, a look at a 1-year chart of the US Dollar index shows it to be extended by most short-term measures:

Further, a look at the recent commitments of traders also suggests there has indeed been a shift toward the greenback and away from non-Dollar holdings such as gold, foreign currencies and many commodities, with the technical conditions of each of these assets suggesting an oversold bounce could occur anytime.

My problem is: the idea of a Dollar pullback just seems too obvious at the moment.

Further, I would argue that the move into the Dollar thus far in 2005 has not been a full-force embrace of the currency but a tentative or, to use Faber's revealing word, "reluctant," shift on the part of investors. Heck, I've been banging the drum about a Dollar rally since early December, and I'd even call myself a reluctant holder of Dollars!

Still too obvious are the "twin deficits," too popular are the dollar-perma bears and too simplistic is the notion that foreign central banks will abandon the Dollar, bringing about economic calamity in the U.S. at any moment (as a side note on this theme: in March, the most recent month for which such figures are available, foreign central banks, including both Japan and China, were actually net sellers of U.S. Treasuries. Some Dollar perma-bears did make their "a-ha!" mention of the statistic, but my thought was this: if they were net sellers in a month the Dollar rallied and Treasuries were essentially flat, doesn't this at least call into question the notion that the American economy would collapse if such buyers went missing? One month doesn't make a trend, but my contention recently has been that not only would there be no mass exodus from U.S. Treasuries as the world's central banks are clearly trying to manage their way out of these economic imbalances, but that the bond market is also far too deep to think that any one or two players control it).

So, sure, the U.S. Dollar is overbought, is facing technical resistance as the Dollar Index approaches 90 and it is indeed quite likely to pull back sometime soon (perhaps a "surprise" French 'yes' vote on the E.U. Constitution this weekend would give traders reason to buy Euros and sell Dollars, though this has little to do w/the anemic statistics we're seeing from that region's most important economies... personally, I'd still consider a 'no' vote to be the surprise despite what recent polls are saying), yet I suspect any pullback will be as short-lived as this year's previous corrections. Based on the residual mistrust of a currency that fell in a straight line for 3 years, expect even the slightest hiccup in the Dollar's recent performance to quickly bring about a rise in pessimistic sentiment, one that merely provides another Dollar buying opportunity.

I'm neither bull nor bear here and if I thought it was time to be a long-term bear on the Dollar once again, I'd be happy to say so and in the hopes of later bragging about correctly calling the move in both directions. More and more, however, this Dollar rally is feeling like a train I wouldn't want to step in front of, one that may have more staying power than even I originally imagined.

To view things from a different perspective, take a look at a 20-year chart of the Dollar:

Not only is there the heavy support at 80 on the Dollar Index that I've talked about in the past, but notice the PMO, Carl Swenlin's interesting indicator that functions very much like the more familiar MACD: from a long-term perspective, this isn't exactly an asset that looks overbought. At extreme readings, the PMO tends to be very useful and accurate with regard to stocks, stock indices, currencies, you name it... I'd suggest it is not to be taken at all lightly in the chart above.

Along these same lines, take a look at chart of gold over that same long-term timeframe, perhaps the ultimate anti-Dollar holding:

I'm one that has still been calling himself bullish on gold in the long-term, but even that thought is starting to worry me somewhat. Again, the PMO reading on the chart above doesn't suggest an asset that's exactly near its lows and screaming to be bought. And from this longer-term perspective, essentially all the non-Dollar assets look the same.

When the Fed Funds rested at 1% and the benchmark 10-year Treasury was in the 4.5% range, we were witnessing by far the greatest yield curve in American history, in percentage terms. Watching this metal's recent performance, lately I've been finding it hard to shake the following thought from my head: we recently saw the most purposefully accommodative monetary policy ever, yet gold only managed to make it to $450. What's it going to take to move gold to $1000 and beyond as the Dollar perma-bears so fearlessly promise?!

Further, while there is certainly a chance those perma-bears could be proven right (though it's not guaranteed, as they state with such conviction), it's also possible they'll be dead right 5-10 years from now or more, long after most investors will have been beaten up to the point of exhaustion.

For those who have been overweight non-Dollar assets all year and are starting to feel the pinch, you may catch a breather soon. We'll all analyze any such correction as it occurs, but it may be wise for such investors not to treat any such retreat as the resumption of the Dollar's ignominious march to zero, but as an opportunity to re-consider their asset mix and possibly re-balance their holdings accordingly.


Chip Hanlon

Author: Chip Hanlon

Chip Hanlon
Delta Global Advisors

Currently the President of Delta Global Advisors and the founder of Green Faucet, Chip Hanlon is regularly featured in the national media for his global economic viewpoints and is a contributing writer for Real Money, the subscription service from Previously, Hanlon has served as the C.O.O. at Euro Pacific Capital, as the President of Unfunds, Inc., and as Vice President of Investments and Syndicate Manager with Sutro & Co.

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