Clap Along if You Feel that Happiness is the Truth

By: Michael Ashton | Tue, Mar 4, 2014
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It might seem crazy what I'm 'bout to say
Sunshine she's here, you can take a break
I'm a hot air balloon that could go to space
With the air, like I don't care baby by the way

- From "Happy" by Pharrell Williams

Cliff Asness and John Liew have an article that is in the latest issue of Institutional Investor, discussing the development, strengths, and shortfalls of the Efficient Market Hypothesis, which underlies the Nobel award for both Fama (as a proponent) and Shiller (as a skeptic) this year.One of the interesting points that Asness and Liew make is that examinations of market efficiency depend on the "joint hypothesis" that (a) prices move efficiently to represent correct values, and (b) the model of values that they move to is correct. They point out that if prices seem to deviate from fair value (as expressed by a model), that could mean that either markets are inefficient/irrational, or that the model is wrong (or both). And they suggest strengthening the EMH to include a limitation on such models that they make some kind of sense - since a model that incorporates irrational behavior might well-describe all sorts of crazy market action but not be "efficient" in any sense that makes sense to us.

This may not be an irrelevant reflection, given the price events of today. Stocks more than rebounded from yesterday's Ukraine-induced selloff, implying that not only are stocks just as valuable today as they were yesterday, but that they are even more valuable than they were before we found out about escalating tensions in the Crimean. This seems to border on the "unusual model" side of things - especially since nothing particularly soothing happened today.

Earlier today, Reuters reported that one of the Russian threats made in response to the vague declarations of the U.S. that "all options are on the table, from diplomatic to economic" (pointedly leaving out "military," as Obama did yesterday, because gosh knows we don't want the Russians to think that's even a possibility) was that Russians might not repay loans due to U.S. banks (or, presumably, European banks if they joined any sanctions). This is a clever threat, in the old vein of "if you owe $100, it's your problem; if you owe $1 billion, it's the bank's problem." Everyone who thinks that economic sanctions are a no-brainer are correct, in the sense that it would imply no brain.
Russia also tested an intercontinental ballistic missile. This was "viewed as non-threatening and is not connected to what is going on in Crimea," which is of course absurd: regardless of how long the test has been scheduled, someone who was trying to "de-escalate" tensions would surely defer the test for a week. The fact that the test happened is one of many signs today that Putin's soothing words were hollow. All of the actions today, from additional warships steaming towards the Crimean peninsula to ICBM launches and confrontations between Ukrainian and Russian troops, were consistent with an escalating crisis even as Putin said there was no "immediate" need to invade eastern Ukraine.

Stocks loved the idea that the conflict may be over, with the west simply conceding the Crimea and Russia deciding that she is sated for the time being, as ridiculously unlikely as that outcome actually is. And, as I fully expected, we heard over and over today the Rothschildian admonition to "buy on the sound of cannons." And indeed, they bought. Oh, how they bought. The S&P rose 1.53% and most European bourses were up 2%-3%. The expected comparisons were made, to the performance of equities during and following the Cuban Missile Crisis, the first Gulf War, and the invasion of the Sudetenland.

These comparisons are all nonsense. Here's why.

Event

Date

CAPE prior to

Sudetenland

June 1938

11.99

Cuba

Oct 1962

17.32

Kuwait

Aug 1990

16.17

Ukraine

now

24.87

This is what happens when people learn the "whats" ofhistory, but don't learn the "whys." The Rothschildian point isn't simply to buy on the sound of cannons. It's to buy when markets are cheap because of the sound of cannons. And that is most assuredly not the case presently. If stocks had dropped 50% because of the Russian invasion, I would have been at the front of the line telling people to buy. It is reckless and feckless to buy when the market is expensive, and there are cannons that suggest a higher risk premium is warranted at least for a time.

Really, what is the risk here, today? Is the risk really that an investor might miss the next 25%, because the world becomes not only safe, but safer than it was a week ago, and a super-cheap market simply takes off? Or is there some risk that an investor might participate in the next -25%? Good heavens, surely the latter is a far greater risk right now. And, after all, Rothschild also said "sell on the sound of trumpets" (it's always interesting how the bearish parts get forgotten), so that if the crisis is over and the west is victorious then you're supposed to be selling! Here I guess is my point: this is not Rothschild's market.

And, as Asness and Liew might put it, the model that implies stocks are more valuable after such an episode...might not be a rational model. But today, Pharrell wins: clap along if you feel like that's what you want to do!>

 


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Michael Ashton

Author: Michael Ashton

Michael Ashton, CFA
E-Piphany

Michael Ashton

Michael Ashton is Managing Principal at Enduring Investments LLC, a specialty consulting and investment management boutique that offers focused inflation-market expertise. He may be contacted through that site. He is on Twitter at @inflation_guy

Prior to founding Enduring Investments, Mr. Ashton worked as a trader, strategist, and salesman during a 20-year Wall Street career that included tours of duty at Deutsche Bank, Bankers Trust, Barclays Capital, and J.P. Morgan.

Since 2003 he has played an integral role in developing the U.S. inflation derivatives markets and is widely viewed as a premier subject matter expert on inflation products and inflation trading. While at Barclays, he traded the first interbank U.S. CPI swaps. He was primarily responsible for the creation of the CPI Futures contract that the Chicago Mercantile Exchange listed in February 2004 and was the lead market maker for that contract. Mr. Ashton has written extensively about the use of inflation-indexed products for hedging real exposures, including papers and book chapters on "Inflation and Commodities," "The Real-Feel Inflation Rate," "Hedging Post-Retirement Medical Liabilities," and "Liability-Driven Investment For Individuals." He frequently speaks in front of professional and retail audiences, both large and small. He runs the Inflation-Indexed Investing Association.

For many years, Mr. Ashton has written frequent market commentary, sometimes for client distribution and more recently for wider public dissemination. Mr. Ashton received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics from Trinity University in 1990 and was awarded his CFA charter in 2001.

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