Imperialism Deja Vu
As a general rule, the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information
Fact; The world's resources are finite.
Fact; Supply is constrained and demand keeps growing along with the world's population.
Fact; A sustainable and secure supply of raw materials and energy is becoming the number one priority for all countries.
Major powers are scrambling for as much of the world's resources as they can control. Exploration and drilling intensify daily. Previously inaccessible or unprofitable areas are targeted - the days of easy access to the globe's resources no longer exist.
Unseen wars in previously unheard of places - soon to become front page news - are beginning for resource control. Peace today, harmonious relations tomorrow are nothing but fleeting illusions.
Hydrocarbons, mineral resources, fresh water and arable land are finite.
Understand someday peak oil and gas proponents will be proven right.
Understand arable, productive farmland is disappearing from overuse, desertification and urbanization.
Understand the world's current population of 7 billion people use 60 percent of our annual renewable freshwater supply.
The world's population is projected to hit 10 billion by 2050 - global demand for food and water is expected to increase by 50% and 30% respectively by 2030.
"It should be pointed out that when we speak of wars in the last third of the twentieth century we are talking about civil wars. Between 1965 and 1999 if we look at those wars in which more than a thousand people were killed a year, there were seventy-three civil wars, almost all driven by greed to control resources--oil, diamonds, copper, cacao, coca, and even bananas." William K. Tabb, Resource Wars
Try and imagine the coming pressure on governments in regards to sourcing resources on a national scale.
The world's most powerful nations are staking claims, through aggressive diplomacy, wherever vital reserves of resources can be found. It isn't enough.
Nations are going to go to war over natural resources. Conflicts are inevitable.
South & East China Sea
China has been involved in territorial disputes with Japan and Taiwan over the Senkaku islands, and Vietnam over the Spratly islands.
China has also ramped up its naval presence in the South China Sea. Why? China's energy starved and the areas off the coast of the Philippine province of Palawan are oil rich. In mid-2012, the Philippines and China came dangerously close to an armed conflict over the Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea.
China's increasingly contentious showdown with Japan in the East China Sea could prove to be even more dangerous. At issue are disputed Islands (Senkakus to the Japanese, Diaoyu to China) and the fishing rights and natural resources those islands would deliver to their owner.
The standoff has already resulted in several direct confrontations between China and Japan.
The U.S. has treaty obligations to Japan. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel recently warned China that any attack on the disputed islands would "fall under our security obligations."
Chinese dam-building on the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra River has raised fears in India that Beijing might one day turn off critical water supplies.
India's state oil company, Oil and Natural Gas Corp., accepted an invitation from Vietnam to explore for oil and gas in the disputed South China Sea escalating an already intense drama.
Both India and China are pushing to gain a foothold in the Arctic. Melting ice is opening passages for shipping and creating the conditions for a boom in the extraction of fossil fuels and minerals.
Both countries are building up their navies to project influence, and China's presence in the Indian Ocean is expected to grow.
"India will be concerned by a growing Chinese naval presence in the western Indian Ocean, which it has always considered its preserve. It has tolerated a significant U.S. presence there, but it has never considered the U.S. an enemy." ~ David Shinn, a former U.S. ambassador in Africa
The Arctic Council is made up of the eight Arctic nations: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. These countries work through the Arctic Council to lay ground rules for governing the Arctic - the Council acts as a key vehicle for hashing out the not inconsiderable strategic stakes.
"With the Arctic ice melting, the region's abundant supplies of oil, gas and minerals have become newly accessible, as have shortened shipping routes and open water for commercial fishing, setting off a global competition for influence and economic opportunities far beyond the nations that border the Arctic." ~ Yale.edu
China has recently won observer status on the council as has India, Italy, Japan, Singapore and South Korea.
Data scientists recently downloaded from a pair of NASA gravity-sensing GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) satellites show ground water is increasingly in short supply.
The biggest losses show up as red hotspots. Almost all of those red hotspots center on the major aquifers of the world. GRACE shows us that groundwater depletion is happening at a very rapid rate in the arid and semi-arid parts of the world.
And the losses are staggering.
Parts of Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran along the Tigris and Euphrates river basins lost 117 million acre feet (144 cubic kilometers) of its total stored freshwater. That's almost equal to the amount of water in the Dead Sea.
The majority of the water loss, about 60 percent, is due to reductions in groundwater.
There's 600 million people living in the extremely dry 2,000 km stretch of land that extends from eastern Pakistan across northern India and into Bangladesh.
NASA's GRACE satellite measurements show a loss of 54km3 of groundwater a year.
At 54km3 of water loss per year, Lake Ontario (water volume of 1,639km³) would be dry in 30 years. A cubic kilometer of water equals about 264 billion gallons.
Egypt has demanded Ethiopia stop construction of a mega-dam on the Nile, vowing to protect its historical rights to the river at "any cost".
Jordan's Prince Hassan, the uncle of King Abdullah, warned in February of 2014 that a war over water and energy could be even bloodier than the Arab spring.
The United Arab Emirates, Crown Prince General Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan said: "For us, water is now more important than oil."
A 2005 Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development Issues Brief suggested that conflicts and violence over access to water would likely increase because, "competition for water exists at all levels and is forecast to increase with demands for water in almost all countries. In 2030, 47% of world population will be living in areas of high water stress."
In a 2012 report, the US director of national intelligence warned that overuse of water - as in India and other countries - was a source of conflict that could potentially compromise US national security.
"Our Bottom Line: During the next 10 years, many countries important to the United States will experience water problems--shortages, poor water quality, or floods--that will risk instability and state failure, increase regional tensions, and distract them from working with the United States on important US policy objectives. Between now and 2040, fresh water availability will not keep up with demand absent more effective management of water resources. Water problems will hinder the ability of key countries to produce food and generate energy, posing a risk to global food markets and hobbling economic growth. As a result of demographic and economic development pressures, North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia will face major challenges coping with water problems."
The Pacific Institute, which studies issues of water and global security, found a fourfold increase in violent confrontations over water over the last decade. "There is a long history of conflicts over water resources, extending back thousands of years into myths, legends, and ancient history. But even now, in the modern world, disputes over access to water, the use of water as a weapon, and the targeting of water systems during conflicts remain all too common. It has been argued that water resources have rarely, if ever, been the sole source of violent conflict or war. But this fact has led some international security "experts" to ignore the complex and real relationships between water and security, which remain a major challenge. Indeed, our work suggests that the risks of water-related violence and conflict is growing, not diminishing, as population, resources, and economic and environmental pressures on scarce water resources increase. Many of these risks are materializing at the sub-national level rather than as disputes among nations, but even at the national level, there are growing concerns about tensions in Africa and parts of Asia that share international rivers but lack international agreements over how to manage those waters."
Nations are going to increasingly compete for the world's diminishing resources.
China is a surging military power, Russia is a resource powerhouse but politically corrupt and economically crippled. Japan is rebuilding its military. The U.S. is treaty bound to protect Japan and South Korea and will protect the Philippines in the face of Chinese aggression. Proxy conflicts in Africa, and elsewhere, between and among, U.S., Chinese, Indian and European backed forces will intensify in the future.
The Arctic will be an area of growing resource interest and rising conflicts.
Imperialism Déjà Vu
Imperialism is the process whereby the dominant politico-economic interests of the time expropriate, for their own enrichment, the land, labor, natural resources and markets of others.
In the mid-1990s, German Defence Policy Guidelines defined the main tasks of the Bundeswehr (German armed forces) as the "maintenance of free world trade and access to strategic raw materials." This paved the way for the transformation of the German military from a territorial defense force into a powerful international intervention force. Germany's 2011 Defense Policy Guidelines declare that the "security of and access to natural resources" is the "most important security and military policy interest."
World War II gives us an excellent example of imperialism. The Nazi state gave German business cartels the opportunity to plunder the resources of occupied Europe.
Leading German industrial companies (to name four - BASF and Bayer who emerged from now infamous IG Farben, ThyssenKrupp, formerly two separate companies. Thyssen and Krupp both supported Hitler, the Volkswagen Group was founded on Hitler's initiative) have launched the Resource Alliance (Rohstoff Allianz) for the purpose of securing the supply of selected raw materials for its shareholders and corporate members.
Will future historians write that Iraq (oil), Libya (more than oil, Libya has one of the largest fresh water systems in the world contained in four major underground basins), Afghanistan and Syria, both literal gold mines of mineral wealth were the first battlegrounds in a continual war over resources?
Increasingly it's going to be a resource centric world. Major powers will confront resource rich areas, in the left hand will be aggressive diplomacy - WE will build you bridges, schools, hospitals, transportation and power infrastructure in return for long term off take agreements for your resources. The right hand is understood to be a military club. Proxy conflicts, rebels, insurgents and civil war if you don't agree or deal with someone else.
It isn't if, it's when do confrontations already underway, and the coming future conflicts spin out of control?
China's after oil in the South China Sea and again it's China but versus Japan in the East China Sea, both of whom are starved for energy.
India's short of water, China controls the flow.
Russia annexes the Crimea, Putin's eventual goal - the vast natural resources of the Ukraine. In 2008 Putin stopped NATO from signing up Georgia and Ukraine into its membership action plan. He then moved against Georgia. In 2013 he interrupted Ukraine's signing of an association agreement with the EU. Now he's annexed the Crimea and is on record stating that Ukraine is not a country but a territory and insists it should be divided. If Putin is successful in his bid for Ukraine what's next? The Baltic states come to mind.
The German industrial complex, the Rohstoff Allianz, is openly advocating imperialism.
An escalation in tension, and an increase in resource driven conflicts is certainly on my radar screen. Is the truth behind what's increasingly going to drive future armed conflicts on your radar screen?
If not, it should be.